College students who ate foods high in calories, saturated fat, and sodium reported feeling moody and blah in the aftermath, says Dr. Helen Hendy, a psychologist at Pennsylvania State University, in the journal Appetite (2012).
But students who ate fruits and vegetables felt happier until the following day, even after other influences had been ruled out, according to “Many Apples a Day Keep the Blues Away” (2013), a British study.
So go ahead and get your greens on with our Ultimate Easy Happy Salad. We’ll tell you what to do and why each ingredient works, and you’ll be a believer in no time.
How they work
Vitamin E boosts dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of reward and pleasure. Pairing complex carbs (e.g., veggies) with a healthy source of protein and fat (e.g., hummus) allows the natural sugars to release slowly, enabling blood sugar levels to remain stable and keeping you satisfied longer.
Vitamin A is here too, and is good for our skin and eyes.
How to eat
Dip in hummus or ranch dressing; add shredded carrots to stir-fries or salads.
How they work
Vitamin C boosts energy levels by aiding iron absorption; Vitamin B6 and B9 (folate) appear to protect us from depression; thiamine is linked to improved mood.
Vitamin C protects the immune system (but won’t cure your cold).
How to eat
Peel, chomp, wipe fingers.
How they work
Zinc and omega-3 fatty acids promote calm. Vitamin B9 (folate) appears to protect us from depression.
Omega-3 fatty acids help decrease inflammation and disease risk.
How to eat
From the packet—or crack ’em open. One serving of nuts is approximately 1 oz.
(a handful)—about 14 walnut halves.
Ultimate Easy Happy Salad
- 12 oz. spinach, washed, trimmed, and dried (1 bunch)
- 1/3 cup walnuts, coarsely chopped
- 2 Tbsp. low-sodium soy sauce
- ½ cup shredded carrots
- Orange vinaigrette (see recipe below)
- Mix soy sauce and walnuts. Roast for 15 minutes at 350° F (175° C) or until golden.
- Mix spinach greens, shredded carrots, and roasted walnuts together in a bowl.
- Toss lightly in vinaigrette (see recipe below).
- Juice of two oranges
- ¼ cup olive oil
- Sea salt
- Black pepper
- 2 tsp. honey or maple syrup
- 2 tsp. apple cider vinegar
- Peel oranges and squeeze juice into a mason jar or small container with a lid.
- Add remaining ingredients.
- Shake until combined.
- Store the excess, or use as a marinade.
Carol Landau, PhD, clinical professor of psychiatry and human behavior and medicine, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Abou-Saleh, M. T., & Coppen, A. (2006). Folic acid and the treatment of depression. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(3), 285–287. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.07.00
Coppen, A., & Bolander-Gouaille, C. (2005). Treatment of depression: Time to consider folic acid and Vitamin B12. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 19(1), 59–65.
Hakkarainen, R., Partonen, T., Haukka, J., Virtamo, J., et al. (2004). Is low dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids associated with depression? American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(3), 567–569. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14992986
Hendy, H. M. (2012). Which comes first in food—mood relationships, foods or moods? Appetite, 58(2), 771–775. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.11.014
Hopf, S. M. (2011). You are what you eat: How food affects your mood [Blog post]. Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science. Retrieved from http://dujs.dartmouth.edu/fall-2010/you-are-what-you-eat-how-food-affects-your-mood#.UzluXleqSFh
Hvas, A. M., Juul, S., Bech, P., & Nexo, E. (2004). Vitamin B6 level is associated with symptoms of depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 73(6), 340–343.
Kimiecik, J. (2011). Exploring the promise of eudaimonic well-being within the practice of health promotion: The “how” is as important as the “what.” Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(5), 769–792. doi:DOI 10.1007/s10902-010-9226-6
Peet, M., & Stokes, C. (2005). Omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Drugs, 65(8), 1051–1059.
Prices from Peapod/Stop&Shop. Retrieved from: www.peapod.com.
Sawada, T., & Yokoi, K. (2010). Effect of zinc supplementation on mood states in young women: A pilot study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64, 331–333. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.158
Swardfager, W., Herrmann, N., & McIntyre, R. S. (2013). Potential roles of zinc in the pathophysiology and treatment of major depressive disorder. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Review, 37(5), 911–929.
White, B., Horwath, C., & Conner, T. S. (2013). Many apples a day keep the blues away—daily experiences of negative and positive affect and food consumption in young adults. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18(4), 782–798.
Wyatt, K. M., Dimmock, P. W., & Jones, P. W. (1999). Efficacy of vitamin B-6 in the treatment of PMS. British Journal of Medicine, 318(7195), 1375–1381.